Literacy by simple definition includes the ability to read, write and spell. There are six key components for evidence-based reading instruction, including:

  • sound (phonemic) awareness
  • phonics (letter-sound correspondence)
  • reading fluency
  • vocabulary
  • oral language
  • language comprehension

Each of these components falls within a speech pathologist’s training and expertise, making us best placed to provide evidence-based instruction and support in this area.

Speech pathologists can play a significant role in literacy development, from assessment to therapy. Some examples include how we promote oral language skills, identify at-risk readers early, and provide therapy for sound awareness, word level reading and spelling.

When to seek help

You may need to seek help for literacy if your child is/has:

  • falling behind in his/her reading or is finding it a struggle
  • relying on memorising words but can’t figure out new words and is guessing
  • conversation that sounds immature compared to peers
  • trouble pronouncing certain speech sounds
  • difficulties with sound (phonemic) awareness
  • difficulties with letter-sound correspondence
  • struggles with ‘sight’ words and spelling rules
  • difficulties with attention prior to starting school
  • social skill difficulties
  • trouble understanding what he/she has read

Get in touch

Phone (03) 9217 6423

Fax (03) 9217 6444


Waters Edge Business Centre

Level 1, 2-8 Lake Street

Caroline Springs

Victoria, Australia 3023


Opening hours

Monday to Friday

9:00am to 5:30pm